cold chamber die casting

Cold Chamber Die Casting Service

What is Cold Chamber Die Casting

Cold chamber die casting is a high-pressure metal casting process used for alloys with higher melting points, such as aluminum, brass, and copper. In this method, the molten metal is melted in a separate furnace and then transferred to the cold chamber die casting machine. Rely on Huayin for top-notch cold chamber die casting services. Connect with us for details on our offerings or get a quote today.

Components of Cold Chamber Die Casting Machine

The cold chamber die casting machine consists of several key components working together to produce high-quality metal parts. Here are the main components:

  • Shot Chamber: The shot chamber in a cold chamber die casting machine is a crucial component where the molten metal, often aluminum or other alloys with higher melting points, is held before being injected into the die. This chamber is responsible for storing and controlling the amount of molten metal needed for each casting cycle.
  • Ejector Pins: Ejector pins are essential components in both cold chamber and hot chamber die casting machines. Their primary function is to facilitate the removal of the solidified part from the die after the casting process is complete.
  • Nozzle: In cold chamber die casting, the nozzle is a crucial component that facilitates the controlled flow of molten metal from the shot chamber to the die cavity.
  • Hydraulic Piston: This component transports molten metal into the die, maintaining high pressure throughout the process. Powered by an oil or gas hydraulic cylinder, the plunger moves vertically through the hot chamber.
  • Die: The die, also known as the mold or tooling, is a set of two steel plates with cavities that define the shape of the desired part. The die is designed to withstand high pressure and temperature. In the hot chamber die casting process, the die remains consistent with other casting methods.

Cold Chamber Die Casting Process


Metal Melting

The process begins with the melting of the metal in external equipment furnaces. Unlike the hot chamber die casting process, where the metal is melted in the casting machine, the cold chamber process involves melting the metal in a separate furnace.


Metal Transport

Once the metal is molten, it is transported into the cold chamber casting machine. The molten metal fills the cold chamber, which is sealed off from the rest of the machine.


Machine Plunger and Mold Filling

A machine plunger is used to force the molten metal into the mold cavity. This process ensures that the metal completely fills the mold.


Transfer to Shot Sleeves

From the mold cavity, the liquid metal is transferred to shot sleeves. This transfer can be done using a machine or manually with ladles.


Injection into Die

An injection piston is then used to force the molten metal into the die, shaping it according to the design of the component.


Solidification and Ejection

The metal cools and solidifies in the die cavity. Once solidified, the mold opens, and the finished casting is ejected.

Cold Chamber Die Casting Advantages

Cold Chamber Die Casting offers several advantages, making it a preferred method for certain applications, especially when casting metals with higher melting points such as aluminum. Here are the key advantages of Cold Chamber Die Casting:

  • High-Speed Production: High-Speed Production is a standout feature of the cold chamber die casting process. It delivers intricate shapes with tight tolerances, minimizing the need for additional machining. Thousands of identical castings can be swiftly produced, showcasing the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of this method for mass production without frequent tooling changes.
  • Dimensional Accuracy & Stability: Cold Chamber Die Casting ensures precise and stable dimensions in castings. The process allows for tight tolerances, resulting in accurate and consistent parts without the need for extensive post-casting machining.
  • Increased Strength & Weight: Cold chamber die-cast parts offer strength and weight benefits, surpassing plastic molding. They are robust yet lightweight, thanks to thin-wall castings. The strength lies in the alloy, not in separate joints, enhancing overall durability.
  • Simplified Assembly: Simplified Assembly with cold chamber die castings is achieved through integral fastening elements like bosses and studs. The process allows for cored holes, tapped drill sizes, or the casting of external threads, eliminating the need for additional assembly steps.
  • Multiple finishing techniques: Cold chamber die-cast parts offer versatile finishing options. Whether you prefer a smooth or textured look, these parts can be plated or finished easily, requiring minimal surface preparation for improved appearance and functionality.


  • 01 How does cold chamber die casting work?

    Cold-chamber die casting is perfect for high-melting-point metals like aluminum. In this method, metal is melted in a furnace at very high temperatures and then poured into a cold chamber for injection into the die.

  • 02 What is the application of cold die casting?

    Cold chamber die casting finds extensive applications in producing high-strength components, particularly for metals with elevated melting points such as aluminum, brass, and copper. Common applications include manufacturing automotive parts, aerospace components, electronic enclosures, and various industrial products where precision, durability, and intricate details are crucial. The process is favored for its ability to efficiently produce complex shapes with tight tolerances.

  • 03 What are the advantages of cold chamber pressure die casting?

    A significant advantage of cold chamber die casting is its ability to produce denser metal castings compared to hot chamber die casting. This increased density is achieved through higher injection pressure and faster processing speed, enhancing the overall quality of the castings.

  • 04 What are the most commonly used materials cast by using cold chamber die casting?

    Cold chamber die casting is commonly employed for casting materials with elevated melting points. Aluminum alloys, copper alloys, brass alloys, magnesium alloys, and zinc alloys are among the most frequently used materials in this process.


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